First, let’s define what diabetes insipidus treatment means. This is a type of diabetes is based around frequent urination as well as increased thirst. This reaction is based on a hormone deficiency that regulates the kidneys. With this being said the treatments are much different and can’t be compared to more common forms of diabetes. There are four different kinds of insipidus diabetes: central diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, gestational diabetes insipidus and lastly Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus. By reading through medical journals or a different pub med you will find various studies on diabetes insipidus treatment.
The cause of insipidus diabetes is a lack of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH). This hormone is also referred to as arginine vasopressin. Primary intracranial tumours and/or pineal tumours can be the cause of the ADH deficiency within the body. Because there are four different types of insipidus diabetes, there are several different treatment methods we are going to go through here.
Let’s look at Diabetes Insipidus Treatment
With central diabetes insipidus treatment, we are dealing with a lack of the vasopressin hormone. The treatment for this is generally what is called desmopressin, which is a synthetic version of this natural hormone. This hormone can be taken through nasal spray, injection or through oral tablets. Each works on the same basis it is the doctor who makes the decision which form of treatment is most beneficial for each individual. This form of treatment is completely safe and effective and will decrease the need for urination. With this being said it is important to drink liquids only when thirsting because your kidneys are now creating less urine based on its reaction to the desmopressin.
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is the result of your body not responding to the antidiuretic hormone so a synthetic hormone is not the answer in this case. Instead you will likely be put on a low salt diet; this will reduce the amount of urine created by the kidneys. Also you will have to make sure to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day because dehydration is common with this type of insipidus diabetes. Often medications are the most common cause for this type of insipidus diabetes and you may need to stop taking these medications to reduce your symptoms. Make sure to only do this after speaking with your doctor.
During the diagnosis for insipidus diabetes, your doctor will go through several stages. It is important to search for any underlying conditions that may be affecting the pituitary glands such as primary intracranial tumors and/or craniopharyndioma tumors. In some cases there is no underlying condition and this is known as idiopathic, which means it simply came out of nowhere. Many biotechnology medical journals are beginning to take an interest in this rare disease and their articles are quite enlightening for someone suffering from this condition. There is a great deal of information available today that can help you understand the symptoms, the treatment options and how to live with this disease.
Taken together, medicine and diet are the keys to maintaining this condition without suffering from serious side effects. Although you may not think much of dehydration but it can do a lot of damage to the body as well as the brain when left unchecked. In med journals you will come across terms such as polyuria which is referring to a person with abnormal amounts of urine to pass and polydipsia which is referring to a person with abnormal thirst. These two terms go hand in hand because one affects the other. When you have to urinate consistently and frequently this causes you to be thirsty more regularly and the cycle continues to increase in severity.
As discussed above a low sodium diet may be all you need to control your hypernatremia. This is a term referring to the high levels of sodium within your blood stream. This is generally caused by a lack of free water within the body and of course solely related to the increased urination caused by ADH. As you can see there is definitely a ripple effect when it comes to this condition and contrary to popular belief it has nothing to do with regular diabetes. This treatment in conjunction with arginine vasopressin will make life easy for you.
There is no reason for this condition to get out of hand or reach any level of severity. It is easy to care for and treat and once diagnosed you should have no problems maintaining a healthy lifestyle with very little health problem disturbances. Learn more about pineal tumors, tumors, arginine, and intracranial and of course diabetes insipidus treatment.